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Diorama: Shipwreck of the tanker Olympic Bravery, Ouessant (Ushant) Island, France, 1976.


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The theme will be the sinking of the Olympic Bravery on the island of Ouessant near Keller Island on January 24, 1976.

* Read "Keller Island" below, as well as "Drummont Castle".

 

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The ship will be shown as it was after the storm of March 13, 1976 when it broke in two.

 

The diorama will be at 1/700, but the ship alone will be a good size at this scale with its 343 meters or 49 cm.

 

The ship will be made in 3D printing.

 

I kept this page that I had recovered in an edition of the newspaper l'Express of the same year. It's her who gave me the idea.

 

Fortunately, I will be helped on the documentary side by my friend Roland, which saves me a lot of time and precision because he is the one who can talk about this shipwreck, very young, he was there at that time with his camera. 

 

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The story (Wiki):

 

The Olympic Bravery is a Liberian oil tanker (a flag of convenience), built by the Chantiers de l'Atlantique in Saint-Nazaire and launched in 1975 (its godmother was Christina Onassis as it belonged to the group of Greek shipowner Aristotle Onassis), whose sinking occurred on January 24, 1976, on the reefs of Yuzin Bay, on the north coast of the island of Ouessant, in Brittany, France. 

The tanker, after leaving the port of Brest where it was undergoing repairs for boiler problems, ran aground empty, but the 800 tonnes of fuel oil needed for its propulsion were enough to oil several kilometers of coastline. Its thirty crew members were saved.

 

This wreck was one of the main oil spills in France, and more particularly in Brittany, along with those of the Amoco Cadiz, the Boehlen, the Gino, the Torrey Canyon and the Erika, although the list is unfortunately long all over the world.

 

Before the grounding:

 

The brand new tanker had been refused delivery on several occasions for defects reported by its owner.

She was on her way to be laid up, just out of the yard.

 

The vessel came to Brest from the shipyard for minor modifications, then sailed to Norway to be laid up. The ship was taken in charge by the AFO shipyard in Brest.

 

It had already postponed its departure from Saint Nazaire several times due to various technical problems.

 

The ship set sail on January 23, 1976 ... on the eve of a serious gale .... and the boiler problems already identified at the time of its departure from Saint Nazaire started again at the time of rounding the Breton point, at the worst moment, a handful of miles from Ushant.

 

For more than 3 hours, the tanker was delivered, light, to the strong wind and the swell. Disaster was inevitable.

 

The facts:

 

Despite the dispersants used, the fuel oil spread over 4 kilometers of the Ushant coastline; the coasts were cleaned by the army, with shovels and buckets, the 400 tons of fuel oil remaining in the bunkers being pumped out after being heated.

 

These 400 tonnes of heavy fuel oil were only the fuel used to propel the ship.

 

The shipowner was accused by some journalists of having voluntarily caused the loss of his ship, due to the serious crisis in the maritime transport of petroleum products that was raging at that time, with many tankers being laid up.

 

The wreck:

 

The wreck of the Olympic Bravery is very dislocated and damaged, but its remains extend continuously for more than 350 meters long, about 100 meters from the coast, in depths of 10 to 35 meters. It is, it seems, the largest shipwreck in the world accessible by scuba. 

 

Photo: ©️ Roland Grard or from his collection

 

The ship in Saint Nazaire being fitted out.

 

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Shortly after it ran aground.

 

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Some pictures of the progress of the modeling started a few days ago.

 

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Drawing of the rudder, it is a rudder with two spurs (N°2). 

 

I'm going to draw the 6 blades propeller of 8,60 meters diameter.

 

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Alexander S Onassis. a sistership in dry dock.

 

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Sad to see man destroying nature through greed and stupidity  ....  again!!

 

Looking forward to seeing how this develops 

 

Kev

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Too bad the genesis of this model is such a sad event.

 

Will be interesting to follow along. :popcorn:

 

3 hours ago, Iceman 29 said:

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Arr! Back in my day, you used tick strips and laid your head on the drawing board to fair lines! And despite all your work, the lofting daemons would come in over night to move lines that you would swear were fair. :jump_fire:

Nothing like powder from a drafting cleaning bag in your ear...

 

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Thanks all!

 

There is a plan in MRB N° 212, the hull plan comes from there.

 

For the castle and the layout of the deck and hull, I have the original plan of the Olympic Bravery from the Chantier de l'Atlantique, Saint Nazaire, thanks to Roland.

 

But I used the MRB plan of the Shell ships (but also Auxiliaire de Navigation and Total TCFN) for the hull which is identical.

 

For the photos of the ship, I have the copy of the originals taken in Brest before the wreck, in Ouessant by Roland and those of the Chantiers de l'Atlantique also entrusted to Roland.

 

The MRB 212:

 

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It's not perfect, but for the scale it's ok ( 12,3 mm diameter ). I only have this as a canvas, but it's better than nothing.

 

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Two different textures.

 

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Tks Jamie!

 

@Kev:

 

I did one of my embarkations, on a ship of the Total, Opale and Saphir were sister ships too, my brother sailed on them.

 

For my part it was from 1976 to 1977, I did a record embarkation of 6 months on the Hermione of the Total (TCFN) as a cadet officer engineer.  I embarked in December and disembarked in July. I didn't see the time pass, I was 18 years old.

 

This ship was a few years older and a little smaller (220,000 tons) than the Olympic Bravery, but she had the same engine, Stal Laval steam turbine and 2 Foster Wheeler boilers and the same power. I learned a lot and it was very useful for the rest of my career.

 

It was the merger between CNP, Compagnie Navale des Pétroles (Total) and Auxiliaires de Navigation (Auxinavi), the Hermione came from the last.

The merger went rather badly as it often does, it was two very different companies with very different interests. 


Later, as the employment situation in France was deteriorating in the late 1970s, I left to sail on other large tankers for a Moroccan company as an electrician/electronic officer before doing my military service in Brest on a destroyer.


The Hermione here in Brest in technical stop, Roland had taken her picture several times at the time, a big baby too:

 

©️ RG
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Personal photo: Passage of the suez canal with the Hermione towards the Persian Gulf, then return by the Cape of Good Hope. The canal was much less wide and deep than today.

 

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There are a few small defects as usual, but it will be fine for the printing. 
 

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Just to give an order of the ship size .

 

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I drew the details of the specific hawse pipe, the inclined plane that supports the spare anchor.

 

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Wow, this is some serious modelling. Knowing nothing about 3D printing, how long will it take for the parts to print?

 

Trevor

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Tk Trevor!

 

For the tanker T2 at 1/200, I had printed half blocks (half hull) around 11.5 centimeters high. In total the 80cm long ship was made of 14 hollowed half blocks. 

 

 

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Half blocks glued together.

 

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But since that time I received the Anycubic Mono X which allows to print a max base of 19,2 by 12 cm on a height of 24,5 cm.

This ship will be 49 cm long, smaller and will be printed in 3 full hollowed out blocks (not halves, it is 7.28 cm wide, so I am far from the max width..). 

 

Printing a 20 cm block can take 14 hours.


This way:


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Model of the front mast which is 25 mm high. I have a few details to add.

 

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Photos Captures of the forward mast for details.

 

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The test bow. I painted quickly today, without really waiting for it to dry to the core. 

 

White Revell 05 matte.
Green, base Revell green SM364+ addition of Revell black SM302.
Dark red antifouling, my pot is too old, at least 20 years. I re-ordered some. But I managed to apply it by filtering it, otherwise the color is perfect: Humbrol 60 matt
Lighter red, antifouling, Humbrol satin 132, which will have to be made matt with Revell 02 varnish.

 

The light yellow color of the inside of the bulwark and the mast is still to be found.

 

Draught scale: White Revell 05 matte.

 

The white marks for the places where the tugs can push will be in white 05 too.

 

Name should be: Charcoal gray Revell 09. 

 

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The Olympic Bravery in form C in Saint-Nazaire.

I based my choice of colors on this beautiful photo.

 

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I printed the front mast. It will be a bit further back on the final version and the bulwark will be 2 to 3 mm longer. There will be some railing to glue. The 7 deck lights to be placed.

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I'm enjoying this, I'm a sort of a landlubber ship groupie, living near a port I've long enjoyed watching ships come and go & am enjoying this, she deserved better than the caprices of shipping accountants. There is something about tankers I find appealing too, so big but so helpless if it all turns to worms. The tech you're using is well beyond me but no matter, I'll enjoy following this anyway. :)

Steve.

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Another master class is 3d drawing Pascal, I'll follow along watch and learn. :popcorn:

 

Interesting that there is no bulbous bow....

 

Steve

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I’ve absolutely no idea how you do this, but it is fascinating. I think I’ll stick around. I’m always amazed at the amount of skills and talents that the people within these posts have.

Jon.

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Tks all!

 

I'm drawing the front maneuver right now. Fortunately I have some good pictures.

 

Yesterday:

 

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The huge windlass, I worked on this kind of gear, especially to replace the chain brake bands, not an easy task.

 

Each chain link weighs more than 200 kilos.

 

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The front winch, with special rope system of the time. 

 

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Ropes are not used anymore on big ships, too flexible, they are often replaced by steel cables, with a 10 to 20 meters rope at the end to bring some flexibility. The disadvantage is that it is very heavy to move for the boatmen. The winch drums are then very specific. you can see it on these personal pictures:

 

An example:

 

Cartagena, Spain.


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Up the Mississippi River:


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The front winch, and on the left you can see half of the bollard of the towing chain. It is on this chain that the tug's tow is captivated in case of towing at sea when the ship has no propulsion and is drifting near the coast.


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You can see it better on this picture, it is painted in yellow.  The small loading mast is used to move the chain if necessary to maintain it and also to take the Suez projector out of the forecastle and mount it on the platform where the bosco is on the front platform.


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Forward winch.

 

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Today:

 

Some modifications have been made, and details improved.

 

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Thanks for the background info about these devices on the ships bow.

You always provide us with these interesting technical ship details.

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Another very interesting project Pascal sad ending for the ship but I am sure this diorama will be a marvel to look at so no pressure then.  :popcorn:

 

Stay Safe

beefy

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