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GordonD

Astronaut Birthdays for October

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October 1

 

Gordon Fullerton (1936) USA

Selected 1966 (MOL Group 2); transferred to NASA 1969 (Group 7)

Piloted Enterprise on three Approach & Landing Tests, August - October 1977 (Orbiter separated from the back of the 747 Carrier Aircraft and glided back to Edwards AFB)

STS-3, 22 - 30 March 1982 (8d 0h 4m) - Third Shuttle Development flight. Carried OSS-1 experiment pallet. First flight without a white-painted External Tank

STS-51F, 29 July - 6 August 1985 (7d 22h 46m) - Carried Spacelab 2

Total flight time 15d 22h 50m

Retired October 1986

Died 21 August 2013

 

 

 

Boris Morukov (1950) USSR

Selected 1989

STS-106, 8 - 20 September 2000 (11d 19h 10m) - Delivered equipment and supplies to the vacant ISS

Retired November 2007

Died 1 January 2015

 

 


Eric Boe (1964) USA

Selected 2000 (NASA Group 18)

STS-126, 15 - 30 November 2008 (15d 20h 29m) - Delivered supplies and equipment to the ISS. Partial crew exchange (Magnus up, Chamitoff down)

STS-133, 24 February - 9 March 2011 (12d 19h 4m) - Delivered Leonardo Module to the ISS (left permanently attached rather than being returned). Final flight of Discovery

Still on active status; total flight time to date 28d 15h 33m

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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October 2

 

Scott Crossfield (1921) USA

Selected 1958 (X-15 Group 1)

Made 14 flights in the X-15; none exceeded 100km altitude so not classed as space flights

Retired December 1960

Killed in crash of his Cessna 210A, 19 April 2006

 

 


Robert Lawrence (1935) USA

Selected 1967 (MOL Group 3) - First black astronaut to be selected

Killed 8 December 1967 in F-104 crash at Edwards AFB; no flights

 

His MOL patch was flown aboard STS-86

 

 


Yuri Glazkov (1939) USSR

Selected 1965

Soyuz 24/Salyut 5 Expedition 2, 7 - 25 February 1977 (17d 17h 25m)

Retired January 1982

Died 9 December 2008

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

 

 

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October 3

 

Charlie Duke (1935) USA

Selected 1966 (NASA Group 5)

Apollo 16, 16 - 27 April 1972 (11d 1h 51m) - Tenth man on the Moon

Retired January 1976

 

Duke was CAPCOM during the Apollo 11 lunar landing

It was Duke who inadvertently exposed the Apollo 13 crew to the German Measles virus, causing Mattingly to be replaced by Swigert two days before launch

 

 


Yekaterina Ivanova (1949) USSR

Selected 1980

Assigned to an 'all-female' Soyuz flight but mission cancelled

Retired December 1994; no flights

 

 


Kathy Sullivan (1951) USA

Selected 1978 (NASA Group 8 )

STS-41G, 5 - 13 October 1984 (8d 5h 24m) - Deployed Earth Radiation Budget Satellite. Sullivan became the first American female to perform an EVA

STS-31, 24 - 29 April 1990 (5d 1h 16m) - Deployed the Hubble Space Telescope

STS-45, 24 March - 2 April 1992 (8d 22h 9m) - Carried the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS-01)

Total flight time 22d 4h 49m

Retired June 1993

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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October 4 (the day it all began)

 

Greg Linteris (1957) USA

Selected 1996 (MSL Group)

STS-83, 4 – 8 April 1997 (3d 23h 12m) – Microgravity Science Laboratory (MSL-1)
STS-94, 1 – 17 July 1997 (15d 16h 44m) – Microgravity Science Laboratory (MSL-1 Reflight – see below)

Total flight time 19d 15h 56m

Retired July 1997

 

Linteris was born on the day that Sputnik 1 was launched, making him exactly as old as the Space Age

 

The MSL-1 mission was cut short after problems with one of the Shuttle’s fuel cells. After landing it was decided not to carry out the normal post-flight maintenance processing, so propellant and other consumables were supplied and the engines changed out and the mission was reflown with the same crew. The next unallocated flight number was assigned and even the mission patch was recycled, with just the number updated from 83 to 94 and the colour of the outer ring changed from red to blue. This is the only time that a complete crew has flown two consecutive missions: one way of looking at it is that it was a single mission with the crew enjoying shore leave part of the way through…

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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October 5

 

Dick Gordon (1929) USA

Selected 1963 (NASA Group 3)

Gemini XI, 12 - 15 September 1966 (2d 23h 17m) - Performed a first-orbit rendezvous and docking with Agena target

Apollo 12, 14 - 24 November 1969 (10d 4h 36m) - CMP on the second lunar landing

Total flight time 13d 3h 53m

Retired January 1972

Died 6 November 2017

 

 


Pavel Popovich (1930) USSR

Selected 1960

Vostok 4, 12 - 15 August 1962 (2d 22h 57m) - First joint flight, with Vostok 3 (no rendezvous)

Soyuz 14/Salyut 3 Expedition 1, 3 - 19 July 1974 (15d 17h 30m) 

Total flight time 18d 16h 27m

Retired January 1982

Died 29 September 2009

 

 


Brent Jett (1958) USA

Selected 1992 (NASA Group 14)

STS-72, 11 - 20 January 1996 (8d 22h 0m) -  Deployed and retrieved SPARTAN 206 pallet; retrieved Japanese Space Flyer Unit (launched March 1995 by H-II rocket)

STS-81, 12 - 22 January 1997 (10d 4h 55m) - Fifth Shuttle/Mir docking; partial crew exchange (Linenger up, Blaha down)

STS-97, 1 - 11 December 2000 (10d 19h 57m) - Delivered the first set of solar arrays to the ISS

STS-115, 9 - 21 September 2006 (11d 19h 6m) - Delivered P3/P4 truss and solar arrays 2A and 4A to the ISS

Total flight time 41d 17h 58m

Retired November 2007

 

 


André Kuipers (1958) Netherlands

Selected 1998 (on his birthday)

Soyuz TMA-4/ISS Visiting Flight 2, 19 - 30 April 2004 (10d 20h 52m) - Landed aboard Soyuz TMA-3

Soyuz TMA-03M/ISS Expeditions 30/31, 21 December 2011 - 1 July 2012 (192d 18h 58m)

Still on active status; total flight time to date 203d 15h 50m

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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October 6

 

Boris Andreyev (1940) USSR

Selected 1972

Backup for four Soyuz missions (16, 22, 35 and T-4) but never selected for a prime crew

Retired September 1983 for medical reasons (parachuting injury); no flights

 

 


Aleksandr Andryushkov (1947) USSR

Selected 1990 (Journalist group)

Retired February 1992; no flights

Died 24 January 2007

 

 


Liu Yang (1978) China

Selected 2010 (China Group 2)

Shenzhou IX/Tiangong 1 Expedition 1, 16 - 29 June 2012 (12d 15h 25m)

Still on active flight status

 

Liu Yang is the first Chinese woman in space. Shenzhou IX was launched 49 years to the day after Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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October 7

 

Gennadi Kolesnikov (1936) USSR

Selected 1965

Retired for medical reasons December 1967

 

 


Karen Nyberg (1969) USA

Selected 2000 (NASA Group 18)

STS-124, 31 May - 14 June 2008 (13d 18h 13m) - Delivered Japanese Kibo Module to the ISS; also partial crew exchange (Chamitoff up; Reisman down)

Soyuz TMA-09M/ISS Expeditions 36/37, 28 May - 11 November 2013 (166d 6h 17m)

Still on active status; total flight time to date 180d 0h 35m

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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October 8

 

Yelena Dobrokvashina (1947) USSR

Selected 1980

Trained for an "all-female" Soyuz mission which was cancelled

Retired March 1993; no flights

 

 


Janice Voss (1956) USA

Selected 1990 (NASA Group 13)

STS-57, 21 June - 1 July 1993 (9d 23h 44m) - Retrieved EURECA free-flying experiment platform (deployed August 1992)

STS-63, 3 - 11 February 1995 (8d 6h 28m) - First Shuttle rendezvous with Mir (no docking)

STS-83, 4 – 8 April 1997 (3d 23h 12m) – Microgravity Science Laboratory (MSL-1)
STS-94, 1 – 17 July 1997 (15d 16h 44m) – Microgravity Science Laboratory (MSL-1 Reflight – see Greg Linteris on 4 October for details)

STS-99, 11 - 22 February 2000 (11d 5h 38m) - Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM)

Total flight time 49d 3h 46m

Died of breast cancer 6 February 2012

 

The ISS cargo freighter Cygnus CRS Orb-2 was named Janice Voss in her memory

 

 


Carlos Noriega (1959) USA

Selected 1994 (NASA Group 15)

STS-84, 15 - 24 May 1997 (9d 5h 20m) - Fourth Shuttle/Mir docking; partial crew exchange (Foale up; Linenger down)

STS-97, 1 - 11 December 2000 (10d 19h 57m) - Delivered the first set of solar arrays to the ISS

Total flight time 20d 1h 17m

Retired January 2005

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October 9

 

Robert Rushworth (1924) USA

Selected 1958 (X-15 Group 2)

Made 34 flights in the X-15; none above 100km so not qualifying as a space flight

Retired July 1966

Died of a heart attack 18 March 1993

 

 


James Roman (1927) USA

Selected 1963 (Military Astronaut Class 3)

Retirement date unknown; no flights

Died 3 February 1980

 

 


Yuri Usachyov (1957) USSR

Selected 1989

Soyuz TM-18/Mir Expedition 15, 8 January - 9 July 1994 (182d 0h 27m). Valeri Polyakov began a 437-day mission which still holds the record

Soyuz TM-23/Mir Expedition 21, 21 February - 2 September 1996 (193d 19h 7m)

STS-101, 19 - 29 May 2000 (9d 20h 9m) - Delivered supplies and equipment to the vacant ISS. First flight of Atlantis with the glass cockpit

STS-102/ISS Expedition 2, 8 March - 22 August 2001 (167d 6h 40m) - Landed aboard STS-105

Total flight time 552d 22h 23m

Retired April 2004

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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October 10

 

Paramaswaren Radhakrishnan Nair (1943) India

Selected 1985

Candidate for a Shuttle flight as Payload Specialist but mission cancelled following the Challenger accident

Retired January 1986

 

 


Franco Malerba (1946) Italy

Selected 1989 (Italy Group 2)

STS-46, 31 July - 8 August 1992 (7d 23h 15m) - Deployed European Retrievable Carrier (EURECA-1) scientific pallet; also failed Tethered Satellite experiment

Retired August 1992

 

 


John Grunsfeld (1958) USA

Selected 1992 (NASA Group 14)

STS-67, 2 - 18 March 1995 (16d 15h 8m) - Carried Spacelab ASTRO-2

STS-81, 12 - 22 January 1997 (10d 4h 55m) - Fifth Shuttle/Mir docking; partial crew exchange (Linenger up, Blaha down)

STS-103, 20 - 28 December 1999 (7d 23h 10m) - Third Hubble Servicing Mission (HST-SM-03A); replaced all six gyroscopes and carried out other maintenance tasks 

STS-109, 1 - 12 March 2002 (10d 22h 10m) - Fourth Hubble Servicing Mission (HST-SM-03B): replaced solar arrays and other equipment

STS-125, 11 - 24 May 2009 (12d 21h 37m) - Fifth Hubble Servicing Mission (HST-SM-04): replaced gyros; fitted Cosmic Origins Spectrograph and  Wide Field Camera

Total flight time 58d 15h 0m

Retired January 2010

 

 


Rex Walheim (1962) USA

Selected 1996 (NASA Group 16)

STS-110, 8 - 19 April 2002 (10d 19h 42m) - Delivered S0 Truss to the ISS

STS-122, 7 - 20 February 2008 (12d 18h 21m) - Delivered the Columbus Science Lab module to the ISS

STS-135, 8 - 21 July 2011 (12d 18h 28m) - Delivered supplies and equipment to the ISS. Final flight of the Space Shuttle programme.

Total flight time 36d 8h 31m

Retired June 2018

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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October 11

 

Georgi Machinsky (1937) USSR

Selected 1972

Retired for medical reasons June 1974 due to injuries sustained in a car accident; no flights

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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October 12

 

Jake Garn (1932) USA

Selected 1984 (Congress Observer Group)

US Senator (Rep., Utah) - Head of the Senate appropriations subcommittee dealing with NASA's budget (!)

STS-51D, 12 - 19 April 1985 (6d 23h 55m) - Deployed two comsats; one failed to initialise and was retrieved and repaired on a later flight

Retired April 1985

 

During the flight Garn suffered from space-sickness to such an extent that a scale for space sickness was jokingly based on him, where "one Garn" is the highest possible level of sickness.

 

 


Oleg Novitsky (1971) Russia

Selected 2006

Soyuz TMA-06M/ISS Expeditions 33/34, 23 October 2012 - 16 March 2013 (143d 16h 15m)

Soyuz MS-03/ISS Expeditions 50/51, 17 November 2016 - 2 June 2017 (196d 17h 50m)

Still on active status; total flight time to date 340d 10h 5m

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website and Wikipedia

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October 13

 

Rich Clifford (1952) USA

Selected 1990 (NASA Group 13)

STS-53, 2 - 9 December 1992 (7d 7h 19m) - Semi-classified DoD mission - Carried various experiment packages with a military application 

STS-59, 9 - 20 April 1994 (11d 5h 49m) - Carried Space Radar Laboratory (SRL-1)

STS-76, 22 - 31 March 1996 (9d 5h 16m) - Third Shuttle-Mir docking; Lucid became resident

Total flight time 27d 18h 24m

Retired January 1997

 

 


Timothy Good (1962) USA

Selected 2000 (NASA Group 18)

STS-125, 11 - 24 May 2009 (12d 21h 37m) - Fifth Hubble Servicing Mission (HST-SM-04): replaced gyros; fitted Cosmic Origins Spectrograph and  Wide Field Camera

STS-132, 14 - 26 May 2010 (11d 18h 28m) - Delivered Russian Rassvet module to the ISS

Total flight time 24d 18h 5m

Retired April 2012

 

 


Nie Haisheng (1964) China

Selected 1998 (China Group 1)

Shenzhou VI, 12 - 16 October 2005 (4d 19h 32m) - Second Chinese mission; first access of the Orbital Module. Exact scientific activities unknown

Shenzhou X/Tiangong 1 Expedition 2, 11 - 26 June 2013 (14d 14h 29m)

Still on active status; total flight time to date 19d 10h 1m

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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October 14

 

Kathleen Rubins (1978) USA

Selected 2009 (NASA Group 20)

Soyuz MS-01/ISS Expeditions 48/49, 7 July - 30 October 2016 (115d 2h 21m)

Still on active flight status

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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October 15

 

Aleksandr Puchkov (1948) USSR

Selected 1990

Trained to fly Buran but programme cancelled

Retired September 1996; no flights

 

 


Roberto Vittori (1964) Italy

Selected 1998 (European Group 1)

Soyuz TM-34/ISS Taxi Flight 3, 25 April - 5 May 2002 (9d 21h 25m) - Landed aboard Soyuz TM-33

Soyuz TMA-6/ISS Visiting Flight 4, 15 - 24 April 2005 (9d 21h 22m) - Landed aboard Soyuz TMA-5

STS-134, 16 May - 1 June 2011 (15d 17h 38m) - Delivered Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS-2) and other equipment to the ISS. Final flight of Endeavour

Still on active status; total flight time to date 35d 12h 25m

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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October 16

 

James Newman (1956) USA

Selected 1990 (NASA Group 13)

STS-51, 12 - 22 September 1993 (9d 20h 11m) - Deployed Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (ACTS), also carried ORFEUS-SPAS pallet

STS-69, 7 - 18 September 1995 (10d 20h 28m) - Carried Wake Shield Facility (WSF-2) and SPARTAN 201, both free-flyers deployed and retrieved

STS-88, 4 - 15 December 1998 (11d 19h 18m) - Docked with Zarya (ISS base block) and connected the Unity node; first assembly flight of the ISS

STS-109, 1 - 12 March 2002 (10d 22h 10m) - Fourth Hubble Servicing Mission (HST-SM-03B): replaced solar arrays and other equipment

Total flight time 43d 10h 7m

Retired July 2008

 

 


Information from Spacefacts website

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October 17

 

Karl Henize (1926) USA

Selected 1967 (NASA Group 6)

STS-51F, 29 July - 6 August 1985 (7d 22h 45m) - Carried Spacelab 2

Retired April 1986

Died of high altitude pulmonary oedema 5 October 1993 during an ascent of Mount Everest

 

 


William Anders (1933) USA

Selected 1963 (NASA Group 3)

Apollo 8, 21 - 27 December 1968 (6d 3h 0m) - First manned lunar orbit; first manned flight of the Saturn V

Retired September 1969

 

 


Mae Jemison (1956) USA

Selected 1987 (NASA Group 12)

STS-47, 12 - 20 September 1992 (7d 22h 30m) - Carried Japanese-financed Spacelab-J. First black woman in space

Retired March 1993

 

Had a cameo role as a transporter operator in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "Second Chances"

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

 

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October 18

 

No astronaut birthdays today

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October 19

 

Ko San (1976) South Korea

Selected 2006

Assigned as Spaceflight Participant to Soyuz TMA-12 but dropped

Retired April 2008; no flights

 

On 10 March 2008 (a month before launch) Ko San was dropped from flight status for breaching security regulations that prevented training manuals being taken away from the cosmonaut centre. He was replaced by his backup Yi So-Yeon.

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

 

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October 20

 

Vladimir Kozlov (1945) USSR

Selected 1970

Retired for medical reasons (some sources say disciplinary reasons) May 1973; no flights

Died 2 March 2012

 

 


Stanley Koszelak (1953) USA

Selected 1989

Backup for STS-47 (Spacelab J-1)

Retired February 1992; no flights

 

 


Julie Payette (1963) Canada

Selected 1992 (Canadian Group 2)

STS-96, 27 May - 6 June 1999 (9d 19h 13m) - Delivered equipment and supplies to the vacant ISS

STS-127, 15 - 31 July 2009 (15d 16h 45m) - Delivered Japanese Exposed Facility (JEM ELM-ES) to the ISS; partial crew exchange (Kopra up; Wakata down)

Total flight time 25d 11h 58m

Retired May 2013

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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On 19/10/2018 at 09:05, GordonD said:

October 19

 

Ko San (1976) South Korea

Selected 2006

Assigned as Spaceflight Participant to Soyuz TMA-12 but dropped

Retired April 2008; no flights

 

On 10 March 2008 (a month before launch) Ko San was dropped from flight status for breaching security regulations that prevented training manuals being taken away from the cosmonaut centre. He was replaced by his backup Yi So-Yeon.

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

 

That was a bit harsh. Homework not to be taken home, obviously.

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6 hours ago, Eric Mc said:

That was a bit harsh. Homework not to be taken home, obviously.

Apparently it happened more than once. Initially I thought he'd taken them back to his accommodation but he sent a couple of manuals home.

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I presume in the Cold War they were a bit paranoid about spying but you would think that in more modern times things would be a bit more relaxed. "Rules is Rules" I suppose.

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Well, during the Cold War it was only Warsaw Pact countries who got to fly. And the fact that it was a propaganda exercise is shown by the retiral dates of both the guys that flew and their backups - the day the mission ended! Even the backup on Soyuz 33, which carried a Bulgarian but failed to rendezvous with Salyut 6, didn't get the chance to fly. 

 

But yes, it does seem a bit of an over-reaction to bin the Korean guy because he sent a couple of training manuals home. It may be that there was more to it than that but I doubt we'll ever know. Especially since the Cold War seems to be starting up again.

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October 21

 

Ron McNair (1950) USA

Selected 1978 (NASA Group 8 )

STS-41B, 3 - 11 February 1984 (7d 23g 15m) - Deployed two comsats, both of which failed to reach operational orbit but were repaired on a later flight

STS-51L, 28 January 1986 - Killed when spacecraft exploded 73 seconds after launch

 

 


Douglas Hurley (1966) USA

Selected 2000 (NASA Group 18)

STS-127, 15 - 31 July 2009 (15d 16h 45m) - Delivered Japanese Exposed Facility (JEM ELM-ES) to the ISS; partial crew exchange (Kopra up; Wakata down)

STS-135, 8 - 21 July 2011 (12d 18h 28m) - Delivered the Rafaello Multi-Purpose Logistics Module to the ISS. Final flight of the Space Shuttle programme.

Still on active status; total flight time to date 28d 11h 13m

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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