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GordonD

Astronaut Birthdays for September

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September 24

 

John Young (1930) USA

Selected 1962 (NASA Group 2)

Gemini 3, 23 March 1965 (4h 42m) - First manned Gemini mission; first spacecraft to change its orbit

Gemini X, 18 - 21 July 1966 (2d 22h 46m)

Apollo 10, 18 - 26 May 1969 (8d 0h 3m) - Dress Rehearsal for lunar landing; LM flew within 15.6km of the surface, the point where Powered Descent would begin

Apollo 16, 16 - 27 April 1972 (11d 1h 51m) - Fifth lunar landing; Ninth man on the Moon

STS-1, 12 - 14 April 1981 (2d 6h 20m) - First Shuttle mission

STS-9, 28 November - 8 December 1983 (10d 7h 47m) - First flight of Spacelab

Assigned to STS-61J which would have deployed the Hubble Space Telescope but mission postponed following the Challenger accident (flown as STS-31 without Young)

Total flight time 34d 19h 39m

Retired December 2004

Died 5 January 2018

 

First man to make six space flights, though he experienced seven launches in all counting the lift-off of the Apollo 16 LM ascent stage from the lunar surface

One of only three men to fly to the Moon twice

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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September 25

 

John Bull (1935) USA

Selected 1966 (NASA Group 5)

Retired July 1968 for medical reasons (pulmonary disease); no flights

Died 11 August 2008

 

 


James Armor (1950) USA

Selected 1982 (Manned Spaceflight Engineer Group 2)

Would likely have flown aboard the Shuttle in 1987

Retired 1985; no flights

 

 


Nicholas Hague (1975) USA

Selected 2013 (NASA Group 21)

Assigned to Soyuz MS-10/ISS Expeditions 57/58, due for launch 11 October 2018

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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September 26

 

Clifton Williams (1932) USA

Selected 1963 (NASA Group 3)

Killed in T-38 crash 5 October 1967; no flights

 

Williams was assigned to an Apollo crew with Pete Conrad and Dick Gordon; after his death he was replaced by Alan Bean, at whose suggestion a fourth star was added to the Apollo 12 mission patch in his honour

 

 


Vladimir Remek (1948) Czechoslovakia

Selected 1976 (Interkosmos Group 1)

Soyuz 28/Salyut 6 Visiting Flight 1, 2 - 10 March 1978 (7d 22h 16m)

Retired March 1978

 

First man in space who was neither a Soviet nor American citizen

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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September 27

 

Yuri Stepanov (1936) USSR

Selected 1985

Retired 1996; no flights

 

 


Dumitru Prunariu (1952) Romania

Selected 1978 (Interkosmos Group 2)

Soyuz 40/Salyut 6 Visiting Flight 7, 14 - 22 May 1981 (7d 20h 41m)

Retired May 1981

 

 


Stephanie Wilson (1966) USA

Selected 1996 (NASA Group 16)

STS-121, 4 - 17 July 2006 (12d 18h 36m) - Tested new post-Columbia safety techniques; delivered supplies to the ISS; increased resident crew to three (Reiter up)

STS-120, 23 October - 7 November 2007 (15d 2h 23m) - Delivered Node 2 Harmony Module and other equipment to the ISS

STS-131, 5 - 20 April 2010 (15d 2h 47m) - Delivered supplies and equipment to the ISS; last round trip of the Leonardo Module (left in place on its next flight)

Still on active status; total flight time to date 42d 23h 46m

 

The flight numbers are not a typo; STS-121 did fly out of sequence more than a year before STS-120

 

 


Luca Parmitano (1976) Italy

Selected 2009 (ESA Group 3)

Soyuz TMA-09M/ISS Expeditions 36/37, 28 May - 11 November 2013 (166d 6h 17m)

Still on active flight status; assigned to Soyuz MS-13/ISS Expeditions 61/62, due for launch July 2019

 

On 16 July 2013 Parmitano was performing an EVA which had to be terminated due to a build-up of water in his helmet

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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September 28

 

Eberhard Köllner (1939) East Germany

Selected 1976 (Interkosmos Group 1)

Backup for Soyuz 31

Retired September 1978; no flights

 

 


Aleksandr Ivanchenkov (1940) USSR

Selected 1973

Soyuz 29/Salyut 6 Expedition 2, 15 June - 2 November 1978 (139d 14h 47m) - Landed aboard Soyuz 31

Soyuz T-6/Salyut 7 Visiting Flight 1, 24 June - 2 July 1982 (7d 21h 50m)

Total flight time 147d 12h 37m

Retired November 1993

 

 

 
Aleksei Ovchinin (1971) Russia

Selected 2006

Soyuz TMA-20M/ISS Expeditions 47/48, 18 March - 7 September 2016 (172d 3h 47m)

Still on active flight status: Assigned to Soyuz MS-10/ISS Expeditions 57/58, due for launch 11 October 2018

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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September 29

 

Mars Rafikov (1933) USSR

Selected 1960

Discharged for disciplinary reasons March 1962; no flights

Died 23 July 2000

 

Rafikov was dismissed from the cosmonaut corps, officially for "a variety of offenses, including womanizing and 'gallivanting' in Moscow restaurants, and so forth". Other cosmonauts (notably Gagarin) had exhibited similar behaviour, but could not be officially disciplined because of their stature and international reputation. Gherman Titov later suggested, though, that the real reason for his dismissal was because he and his wife had divorced.

 

 


Dianne Prinz (1938) USA

Selected 1978

Backup for STS-51F/Spacelab 2

Retired August 1985

Died of lymphoma 12 October 2002

 

 

 
William Nelson (1942) USA

Selected 1984 (Congress Observer Group)

STS-61C, 12 - 18 January 1986 (6d 2h 3m) - Deployed Satcom K-1 comsat. Last successful flight before Challenger accident

Retired January 1986

 

 


James Halsell (1956) USA

Selected 1990 (NASA Group 13)

STS-65, 8 - 23 July 1994 (14d 17h 55m) - Carried International Microgravity Laboratory IML-2

STS-74, 12 - 20 November 1995 (8d 4h 30m) - Second Shuttle-Mir docking; delivered the Docking Module and solar arrays to Mir

STS-83, 4 - 8 April 1997 (3d 23h 12m) - Microgravity Science Laboratory MSL-1

STS-94, 1 - 17 July 1997 (15d 16h 44m) - Microgravity Science Laboratory MSL-1 Reflight

STS-101, 19 - 29 May 2000 (9d 20h 9m) - Delivered equipment and supplies to the vacant ISS

Total flight time 52d 10h 30m

Retired November 2006

 

See Roger Crouch (September 19) for details of the MSL flights

 

 

 

Livingston Holder (1956) USA

Selected 1982 (Manned Spaceflight Engineer Group 2)

Would have been a candidate for a DoD mission

Retired July 1988; no flights

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website and Wikipedia

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September 30

 

Michel Tognini (1949) France

Selected 1985 (French Group 2)

Soyuz TM-15/Mir Visiting Flight 8, 27 July - 10 August 1992 (13d 18h 56m) - Landed aboard Soyuz TM-14

STS-93, 23 - 28 July 1999 (4d 22h 49m) - Deployed the Chandra X-ray Observatory

Total flight time 18d 17h 45m

Retired May 2003

 

 


Stephen Frick (1964) USA

Selected 1996 (NASA Group 16)

STS-110, 8 - 19 April 2002 (10d 19h 42m) - Delivered the S0 Truss Segment to the ISS

STS-122, 7 - 20 February 2008 (12d 18h 21m) - Delivered the Columbus Module to the ISS; also partial crew exchange (Eyrharts up; Tani down)

Total flight time 23d 14h 3m

Retired October 2010

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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