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GordonD

Astronaut Birthdays for August

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August 1st

 

Yuri Romanenko (1944) USSR

Selected 1970

Soyuz 26/Salyut 6 Expedition 1, 10 December 1977 - 16 March 1978 (96d 10h 0m) - Landed aboard Soyuz 27

Soyuz 38/Salyut 6 Visiting Flight 4. 18 - 26 September 1980 (7d 20h 43m)

Soyuz TM-2/Mir Expedition 2, 5 February - 29 December 1987 (326d 11h 38m) - Landed aboard Soyuz TM-3

Total flight time 430d 18h 21m

Retired October 1988

 

 


Dick Covey (1946) USA

Selected 1978 (NASA Group 8 )

STS-51I, 27 August - 3 September 1985 (7d 2h 17m) - Deployed three comsats; also retrieved, repaired and relaunched a fourth

STS-26. 29 September - 3 October 1988 (4d 1h 0m) - Deployed TDRS-B satellite for easier communication with spacecraft. First flight after the Challenger accident

STS-38, 16 - 20 November 1990 (4d 21h 54m) - Classified DoD mission; deployed a military reconnaissance satellite

STS-61, 2 - 13 December 1993 (10d 19h 58m) - First Hubble servicing mission; restored the telescope's planned capabilities to the originally expected standards

Total flight time 26d 21h 9m

Retired July 1994

 

Was CAPCOM at the time of the Challenger accident

 

 


Koichi Wakata (1963) Japan

Selected 1992

STS-72, 11 - 20 January 1996 (8d 22h 0m) - Retrieved Japanese Space Flyer Unit satellite (launched March 1995)

STS-92, 11 - 24 October 2000 (12d 21h 42m) - Delivered Z1 Truss, Pressurised Mating Adapter and other equipment to the ISS ready for the arrival of Expedition 1

STS-119/ISS Expeditions 18/19/20, 14 March - 31 July 2009 (127d 15h 4m)

Soyuz TMA-11M/ISS Expeditions 38/39, 7 November 2013 - 14 May 2014 (187d 21h 44m)

Still on active status; total flight time to date 347d 8h 30m

 

When STS-92 landed it was the last time to date that no astronauts remained in orbit

 


Information from Spacefacts website

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August 2nd

 

Valeri Bykovsky (1934) USSR

Selected 1960

Vostok 5, 14 - 19 June 1963 (4d 23h 7m) - Joint flight with Vostok 6 (no rendezvous). Still the longest solo mission

Soyuz 22, 15 - 23 September 1976 (7d 21h 52m) - Earth-resources photography mission; used the backup ASTP spacecraft, unsuitable as a Salyut ferry

Soyuz 31/Salyut 6 Taxi Flight 2, 26 August - 3 September 1978 (7d 20h 49m) - Landed aboard Soyuz 29

Total flight time 20d 17h 48m

Retired 20d 17h 48m

 

 


Bertalan Farkas (1949) Hungary

Selected 1978

Soyuz 36/Salyut 6 Taxi Flight 3, 26 May - 3 June 1980 (7d 20h 45m) - Landed aboard Soyuz 35

Retired June 1980

 

 

 

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August 3rd

 

Georgi Shonin (1935) USSR

Selected 1960

Soyuz 6, 11 - 16 October 1969 (4d 22h 42m) - 'Troika' mission with Soyuz 7 & 8. Was to have filmed those craft docking but automatic rendezvous systems failed

Retired April 1979

Died 7 April 1997

 

 


Joan Higginbotham (1964) USA

Selected 1996 (NASA Group 16)

STS-116, 10 - 22 December 2006 (12d 20h 44m)

Retired November 2007

 

 

 

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August 4th

 

Vladimir Benderov (1924) USSR

Selected 1964

Trained for a Voskhod mission but programme cancelled in favour of Soyuz

Retired July 1964; no flights

Killed 3 June 1973 in crash of Tu-144 airliner at Le Bourget Air Show

 

 


Michael McCulley (1943) USA

Selected 1984 (NASA Group 10)

STS-34, 18 - 23 October 1989 (4d 23h 39m) - Deployed the Galileo Jupiter probe

Retired October 1990

 

 


Andrew Allen (1955) USA

Selected 1987 (NASA Group 12)

STS-46, 31 July - 8 August 1992 (7d 23h 15m) - Deployed EURECA-1 experiment pallet (retrieved on STS-57) and Tethered Satellite System (tether jammed)

STS-62, 4 - 18 March 1994 (13d 23h 16m) - Carried US Microgravity Payload (USMP-2)

STS-75, 22 February - 9 March 1996 (15d 17h 40m) - Carried USMP-3 and Tethered Satellite System (tether broke)

Total flight time 37d 16h 11m

Retired October 1997

 

 


Charles Gemar (1955) USA

Selected 1985 (NASA Group 11)

STS-38, 16 - 21 November 1990 (4d 21h 55m) - Classified DoD mission; deployed Magnum-3 military reconnaissance satellite

STS-48, 13 - 18 September 1991 (5d 8h 27m) - Deployed the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite

STS-62, 4 - 18 March 1994 (13d 23h 16m) - Carried US Microgravity Payload (USMP-2)

Total flight time 24d 5h 38m

Retired 1996

 

 

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August 5th

 

Neil Armstrong (1930) USA

Selected 1962 (NASA Group 2)

Gemini VIII, 16 - 17 March 1966 (10h 41m) - First orbital docking; mission aborted when spacecraft began rolling uncontrollably due to a stuck attitude thruster

Apollo 11, 16 - 24 July 1969 (8d 3h 18m) - First man on the Moon

Total flight time 8d 13h 59m

Retired August 1970

Died 25 August 2012

 

 


Leonid Kizim (1941) USSR

Selected 1965

Soyuz T-3/Salyut 6 Visiting Flight 5, 27 November - 10 December 1980 (12d 19h 7m) 

Soyuz T-10/Salyut 7 Expedition 3, 8 February - 2 October 1984 (236d 22h 49m) - Landed aboard Soyuz T-11

Soyuz T-15/Mir Expedition 1/Salyut 7 Expedition 6, 13 March - 16 July 1986 (125d 0h 0m) - First transfer between two orbiting space stations (carried out twice)

Total flight time 374d 17h 56m

Retired June 1987

Died 14 June 2010

 

 


Andrei Zaytsev (1957) USSR

Selected 1985

Retired March 1996; no flights

Died 5 May 2010

 

 


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August 6th

 

Winston Scott (1950) USA

Selected 1992 (NASA Group 14)

STS-72, 11 - 20 January 1996 (8d 22h 0m) - Retrieved the Japanese Space Flyer Unit launched March 1995; deployed and retrieved SPARTAN-206 experiment pallet

STS-87, 19 November - 5 December 1997 (15d 16h 34m) - Carried US Microgravity Payload USMP-4

Total flight time 24d 14h 34m

Retired July 1999

 

 


Greg Chamitoff (1962) USA

Selected 1998 (NASA Group 17)

STS-124/ISS Expeditions 17/18, 31 May - 30 November 2008 (183d 0h 22m) - Landed aboard STS-126

STS-134, 16 May - 1 June 2011 (15d 17h 38m) - Delivered the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer to the ISS. Final flight of Endeavour

Total flight time 198d 18h 0m

Retired September 2013

 

 

 

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August 7th

 

Kent Rominger (1956) USA

Selected 1992 (NASA Group 14)

STS-73, 20 October - 5 November 1995 (15d 21h 52m) - Carried US Microgravity Payload USMP-2

STS-80, 19 November - 7 December 1996 (17d 15h 53m) - Deployed and retrieved ORFEUS-SPAS-II free-flyer experiment pallet

STS-85, 7 - 19 August 1997 (11d 20h 26m) - Deployed and retrieved CRISTA-SPAS-2 free-flyer pallet

STS-96, 27 May - 6 June 1999 (9d 19h 13m) - Delivered Russian STRELA cargo crane and other equipment and supplies to the unoccupied ISS

STS-100, 19 April - 1  May 2001 (11d 21h 30m) - Delivered Canadarm manipulator to the ISS; delivered and retrieved Rafaello logistics module

Total flight time 67d 2h 54m

Retired September 2006

 

 


José Hernández (1962) USA

Selected 2004 (NASA Group 19)

STS-128, 29 August - 12 September 2009 (13d 20h 53m) - Delivered and retrieved Leonardo logistics module to the ISS 

Retired January 2011

 

 

 

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August 8th

 

Dennis Tito (1940) USA

Selected 2000

Soyuz TM-32/ISS Taxi Flight 1, 28 April - 6 May 2001 (7d 22h 4m) - Landed aboard Soyuz TM-31. First fare-paying passenger in space

Retired May 2001

 

 


Dennis Boesen (1942) USA

Selected 1987

Assigned to a Strategic Defense Initiative ("Star Wars") research flight but programme and mission cancelled

Retired 1990; no flights

 

 


Andrea Lorenzoni (1946) Italy

Selected 1984

Would have been a candidate for a Tethered Satellite mission

Retired 1986; no flights

 

 


Svetlana Savitskaya (1948) USSR

Selected 1980

Soyuz T-7/Salyut 7 Taxi Flight 1, 19 - 27 August 1982 (7d 21h 52m) - Landed aboard Soyuz T-5. 

Soyuz T-12/Salyut 7 Visiting Flight 2, 17 - 29 July 1984 (11d 19h 14m) 

Total flight time 19d 17h 6m

Retired October 1993

 

On Soyuz T-7 Savistskaya became the second woman in space; she was selected because NASA had announced that Sally Ride would become the first American female to go into orbit and the Soviets wanted to beat her

On Soyuz T-12 Savitskaya became the first woman to fly in space twice and to carry out an EVA. NASA had recently announced the crew of STS-41G, in which Sally Ride would become the first woman to fly twice, and Kathy Sullivan would make the first female EVA. Again her selection was purely to claim both of these records for the USSR.

 

To date only FOUR female Russian cosmonauts have flown in space

 

 


Béla Magyari (1949) Hungary

Selected 1978

Backup for Soyuz 36

Retired June 1980; no flights

Died 23 April 2018

 

 


Larry James (1956) USA

Selected 1982 (Manned Spaceflight Engineer Group 2)

Candidate for a DoD mission but not assigned

Retired December 1987; no flights

 

 

 

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August 9th

 

James Wood (1924) USA

Selected 1962 (USAF X-20 Group)

Would have piloted the X-20 Dyna-Soar but programme cancelled

Retired December 1963; no flights

Died 1 January 1990

 

 


Roman Romanenko (1971) Russia

Selected 1997

Soyuz TMA-15/ISS Expeditions 20/21, 27 May - 1 December 2009 (187d 20h 41m)

Soyuz TMA-07M/ISS Expeditions 34/35, 19 December 2012 - 14 May 2013 (145d 14h 18m)

Total flight time 333d 10h 59m

Retired November 2014

 

Son of cosmonaut Yuri Romanenko - second "second generation" spaceman, after Richard Garriott

 

 

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August 10th

 

Nikolai Pushenko (1952) USSR

Selected 1990

Undertook cosmonaut training but never assigned to a mission

Retired September 1996; no flights

 

 

 

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August 11th

 

Frederick Sturckow (1961) USA

Selected 1994 (NASA Group 15)

STS-88. 4 - 15 December 1998 (11d 19h 18m) - Delivered Node (Unity) module to connect with Russian FGB core Zarya; first link-up of two ISS components

STS-105, 10 - 22 August 2001 (11d 21h 12m) - Delivered supplies and equipment to the ISS; also crew rotation (Expedition 3 up; Expedition 2 down)

STS-117, 8 - 22 June 2007 (13d 20h 11m) - Delivered S3/S4 truss to the ISS; also partial crew exchange (Anderson up; Williams down)

STS-128, 29 August - 12 September 2009 (13d 20h 53m) - Delivered supplies and equipment to the ISS; also partial crew exchange (Stott up; Kopra down)

Total flight time 51d 9h 34m

Retired March 2013

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

 

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August 12th

 

Charles Brady (1951) USA

Selected 1992 (NASA Group 14)

STS-78, 20 June - 7 July 1996 (16d 21h 47m) - Carried Spacelab Life and Microgravity Sciences

Retired August 2002

Committed suicide 23 July 2006 following a lengthy arthritis-related illness

 

 

 

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August 13th

 

Robert Stewart (1942) USA

Selected 1978 (NASA Group 8 )

STS-41B, 3 - 11 February 1984 (7d 23h 15m) - Deployed two comsats, both failed to reach planned orbit. Stewart carried out second MMU test

STS-51J, 3 - 7 October 1985 (4d 1h 44m) - Classified DoD mission; deployed two military comsats

Total flight time 12d 0h 49m

Retired January 1986

 

 

 

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August 14th

 

Jon McBride (1943) USA

Selected 1978 (NASA Group 8 )

STS-41G, 5 - 13 October 1984 (8d 5h 23m) - Deployed Earth Radiation Budget Satellite; included first American female EVA and first American woman to fly twice

Retired May 1989

 

 


Mark Lee (1952) USA

Selected 1984 (NASA Group 10)

STS-30, 4 - 8 May 1989 (4d 0h 56m) - Deployed Magellan Venus Radar Mapper (reached target planet August 1990)

STS-47, 12 - 20 September 1992 (7d 22h 30m) - Carried Japanese-financed Spacelab-J

STS-64, 9 - 20 September 1994 (10d 22h 49m) - Carried LIDAR In-Space Technology Experiment, using laser pulses instead of radio waves to study the atmosphere

STS-82, 11 - 21 February 1997 (9d 23h 37m) - Second Hubble servicing mission; installed new instruments and made various upgrades

Total flight time 32d 21h 52m

Retired July 2001

 

Previously married to astronaut Nancy Jan Davis

 

 


Sarah Brightman (1960) United Kingdom

Classical singer, actress, songwriter and dancer

Selected 2012

Due to fly as Spaceflight Participant on Soyuz TMA-18M but pulled out for undisclosed reasons 

Retired May 2015

 

 


Tracy Caldwell-Dyson (1969) USA

Selected 1998 (NASA Group 17)

STS-118, 8 - 21 August 2007 (12d 17h 55m)

Soyuz TMA-18/ISS Expeditions 23/24, 2 April - 25 September 2010 (176d 1h 18m)

Total flight time to date 188d 19h 13m

Still on active status

 

 

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August 15th

 

Valentin Varlamov (1934) USSR

Selected 1960

Retired for medical reasons March 1961 (possibly connected to a spinal injury)

Died 2 October 1980

 

 


Viktor Pisarev (1941) USSR

Selected 1967

Retired for medical reasons May 1968; no flights

 

 


Sonny Carter (1947) USA

Selected 1984 (NASA Group 10)

STS-33, 23 - 28 November 1989 (5d 0h 6m) - Classified DoD mission; deployed 'Big Ear' reconnaissance satellite

Died in commercial airliner crash 5 April 1991

 

 


Ricardo Peralta y Fabi (1950) Mexico

Selected 1985

Backup for STS-61B

Retired December 1985 as a result of injuries sustained in an ultralight crash; no flights

Died 2017 (date unknown)

 

 


Scott Altman (1959) USA

Selected 1994 (NASA Group 15)

STS-90, 17 April - 3 May 1998 (15d 21h 50m) - Carried Neurolab (final Spacelab mission)

STS-106, 8 - 20 September 2000 (11d 19h 10m) - Delivered equipment and supplies to the vacant ISS ready for the arrival of the Expedition 1 crew 

STS-109, 1 - 12 March 2002 (10d 22h 10m) - Fourth Hubble Servicing Mission (known as HSM-3B); carried out repairs and installation of new instruments

STS-125, 11 - 24 May 2009 (12d 21h 37m) - Fifth and final Hubble Servicing Mission (HSM-4); replaced batteries and carried out further maintenance tasks

Total flight time 51d 12h 47m

Retired September 2010

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website and Wikipedia

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August 16th

 

Stuart Roosa (1933) USA

Selected 1966 (NASA Group 5)

Apollo 14, 31 January - 9 February 1971 (9d 0h 1m) - CMP on third lunar landing

Retired February 1976

Died from complications of pancreatitis 12 December 1994

 

 


Oleg G. Kononenko (1938) USSR

Selected 1977

Trained for Buran flights but programme cancelled

Died 8 September 1980 in crash of Yak-38A VTOL aircraft in the South China Sea

 

Not to be confused with cosmonaut Oleg D. Kononenko

 

 


Valeri Ryumin (1939) USSR

Selected 1973

Soyuz 25, 9 - 11 October 1977 (2d 0h 44m) - Planned to be Salyut 6 Expedition 1 but failed to achieve hard dock so mission abandoned

Soyuz 32/Salyut 6 Expedition 3, 25 February - 19 August 1979 (175d 0h 35m) - Landed aboard Soyuz 34

Soyuz 35/Salyut 6 Expedition 4, 9 April - 11 October 1980 (184d 20h 11m) - Landed aboard Soyuz 37. Originally backup but replaced Lebedev who injured his knee

STS-91, 2 - 12 June 1998 (9d 19h 54m) - Ninth and last Shuttle-Mir docking; crew return (Thomas down)

Total flight time 371d 17h 24m

Retired 1998

 

Married to cosmonaut Yelena Kondakova

 

 


Jeffrey Wisoff (1958) USA

Selected 1990 (NASA Group 13)

STS-57, 21 June - 1 July 1993 (9d 23h 44m) - Retrieved EURECA experiment platform (deployed by STS-46 in August 1992)

STS-68, 30 September - 11 October 1994 (11d 5h 46m) - Carried Space Radar Laboratory SRL-2 creating radar images of the Earth's surface

STS-81, 12 - 22 January 1997 (10d 4h 55m) - Fifth Shuttle-Mir docking; crew exchange (Linenger up; Blaha down)

STS-92, 11 - 24 October 2000 (12d 21h 42m) - Delivered Z1 Truss, Pressurised Mating Adapter and other equipment to the ISS ready for the arrival of Expedition 1

Total flight time 44d 8h 7m

Retired September 2001

 

When STS-92 landed it was the last time to date that no astronauts remained in orbit

 

 

 

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