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GordonD

Astronaut Birthdays for May

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May 1st

 

Scott Carpenter (1925) USA

Selected 1959 (NASA Group 1)
Mercury-Atlas 7/Aurora 7, 24 May 1962 (4h 56m)
Retired August 1967

Died 10 October 2013



Paul Ronney (1957) USA

Selected 1996

Backup for STS-83 and STS-94
Retired August 1997; no flights

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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I'm going away for the holiday weekend and I'll be busy tomorrow so over the course of this morning I'm going to post entries for each day up to Monday 7th May. Business as normal from next Tuesday.

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May 2nd

 

Dominic Gorie (1957) USA
Selected 1994 (NASA Group 15)
STS-91, 2 – 12 June 1998 (9d 19h 54m) – 9th and last Mir docking; carried Thomas back to Earth
STS-99, 11 – 22 February 2000 (11d 5h 38m) – Shuttle Radar Topography Mission
STS-108, 5 – 17 December 2001 (11d 19h 35m) – Delivered supplies to the ISS; crew exchange (Expedition 4 up; Expedition 3 down)
STS-123, 11 – 27 March 2008 (15d 18h 11m) – Delivered Japanese Kibo Module to the ISS; partial crew exchange (Reisman up; Eyharts down)
Total flight time 48d 15h 18m
Retired June 2010

 

 

 

Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger (1975) USA
Selected 2004 (NASA Group 19)
STS-131, 5 – 20 April 2010 (15d 2h 47m) – Delivered equipment and supplies to the ISS
Retired April 2013

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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May 3rd

 

Albert Sacco (1949) USA
Selected 1990
STS-73, 20 October – 5 November 1995 (15d 21h 52m) – US Microgravity Laboratory (USML-2)
Retired November 1995

 

 

 

Alexander Gerst (1976) Germany
Selected 2009 (ESA Group 3)
Soyuz TMA-13M/ISS Expeditions 40/41, 28 May – 10 November 2014 (165d 8h 1m)
Still on active flight status

 

 

 

Lorel O'Hara (1983) USA
Selected 2017 (NASA Group 22)
On active status; no flights yet

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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May 4th (Star Wars Day)

 

Milt Thompson (1926) USA
Selected 1962 (X-20 program)
Trained to fly the X-20 Dyna-Soar but program cancelled; made 14 flights in the X-15
Retired May 1965
Died 6 August 1993, on the day he was due to be awarded a second NASA Distinguished Service Medal at a dinner in his honour

 

 

 

Michael Gernhardt (1956) USA
Selected 1992 (NASA Group 14)
STS-69, 7 - 18 September 1995 (10d 20h 28m) - Deployed and retrieved the Wake Shield Facility for research into semiconductor film growth, and SPARTAN-201 pallet
STS-83, 4 – 8 April 1997 (3d 23h 12m) – Microgravity Science Laboratory (MSL-1)
STS-94, 1 – 17 July 1997 (15d 16h 44m) – Microgravity Science Laboratory (MSL-1 Reflight – see below)
STS-104, 12 – 25 July 2001 (12d 18h 35m) – Delivered the Quest Joint Airlock to the ISS
Total flight time 43d 6h 59m
Retired August 2001

 

The MSL-1 mission was cut short after problems with one of the Shuttle’s fuel cells. After landing it was decided not to carry out the normal post-flight maintenance processing, so propellant and other consumables were supplied and the engines changed out and the mission was reflown with the same crew. The next unallocated flight number was assigned and even the mission patch was recycled, with just the number updated from 83 to 94 and the colour of the outer ring changed from red to blue. This is the only time that a complete crew has flown two consecutive missions: one way of looking at it is that it was a single mission with the crew enjoying shore leave part of the way through…

 

 

 

Maurizio Cheli (1959) Italy
Selected 1992 (ESA Group 2)
STS-75, 22 February – 9 March 1996 (15d 17h 40m) – US Microgravity Payload 3 and the Italian Tethered Satellite System (tether snapped; satellite lost)
Retired June 1996

 

 

 

Lance Bass (1979) USA
Selected 2001
Singer with the band N’SYNC
Trained as Spaceflight Participant (fare-paying tourist) for a flight to the ISS but the financial backing fell through and mission was cancelled

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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May 5th

 

Michael Adams (1930) USA
Selected 1963 as Military Astronaut; transferred to MOL 1965
Retired July 1966 but continued to fly the X-15
Killed in crash of X-15 15 November 1967

 


 

Douglas Wheelock (1960) USA
Selected 1998 (NASA Group 17)
STS-120, 23 October – 7 November 2007 (15d 2h 23m) – Delivered Harmony Module and other equipment to the ISS
Soyuz TMA-19/ISS Expeditions 24/25, 15 June – 26 November 2010 (163d 7h 11m)
Total flight time to date 178d 9h 34m
Still on active flight status


 

Satoshi Takamatsu (1963) Japan
Selected 2014 as Spaceflight Participant (fare-paying passenger)
Still technically on active status; no flights yet

 


 

Fei Junlong (1966) China
Selected 1998 (China Group 1)
Shenzhou VI, 12 – 16 October 2005 (4d 19h 32m) – Second Chinese mission
Retired 2012
 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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May 6th

 

Zhanna Yorkina (1939) USSR
Selected 1962
Named backup for Voskhod 5 but mission cancelled
Retired 1969
Died 25 May 2015

 


 

David Leestma (1949) USA
Selected 1980 (NASA Group 9)
STS-41G, 5 – 13 October 1984 (8d 5h 23m) – Carried out an EVA demonstrating the refuelling of satellites in orbit
STS-28, 8 – 13 August 1989 (5d 1h 0m) – Classified DoD mission; deployed two satellites; first flight of the human skull for medical research
STS-45, 24 March – 2 April 1992 (8d 22h 9m) – ATLAS-1 package for Earth-resource studies
Total flight time 22d 4h 32m
Retired December 1992

 


 

Chiaki Naito-Mukai (1952) Japan
Selected 1985 (Japan Group 1)
STS-65, 8 – 23 July 1994 (14d 17h 55m) – International Microgravity Laboratory 2
STS-95, 29 October – 7 November 1998 (8d 21h 44m) – SPACEHAB mission; deployed and retrieved SPARTAN pallet; crew included John Glenn
Total flight time 23d 15h 39m
Retired March 2015



 

Sergei Tresvyatsky (1954) USSR
Selected 1985
Trained to fly Buran Shuttle; programme cancelled
Retired 1996

 

 

 

Donald Thomas (1955) USA
Selected 1990 (NASA Group 13)
STS-65, 8 – 23 July 1994 (14d 17h 55m) – International Microgravity Laboratory 2
STS-70, 13 – 22 July 1995 (8d 22h 20m) – Deployed TDRS-G; launch delayed because woodpeckers had made holes in the External Tank insulation!
STS-83, 4 – 8 April 1997 (3d 23h 12m) – Microgravity Science Laboratory (MSL-1)
STS-94, 1 – 17 July 1997 (15d 16h 44m) – Microgravity Science Laboratory (MSL-1 Reflight – see entry for May 4th)
Total flight time 43d 8h 11m
Retired July 2007
 

 

 

Aleksandr Skvortsov Jr. (1966) Russia
Selected 1997
Soyuz TMA-18/ISS Expeditions 23/24, 2 April – 25 September 2010 (176d 1h 18m)
Soyuz TMA-12M/ISS Expeditions 39/40, 25 March – 11 September 2014 (169d 5h 5m)
Total flight time to date 345d 6h 23m
Still on active flight status

Son of unflown cosmonaut Aleksandr Skvortsov Sr.

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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May 7th

 

Gerard Magilton (1942) USA
Selected 1985
Backup Payload Specialist on STS-61C
Retired January 1986; no flights

 

 

 

Tamara Jernigan (1959) USA
Selected 1985 (NASA Group 11)
STS-40, 5 – 14 June 1991 (9d 2h 14m) – Spacelab Life Sciences 1
STS-52, 22 October – 1 November 1992 (9d 20h 56m) – Deployed Laser Geodynamics Satellite II (LAGEOS-II); US Microgravity Payload 1
STS-67, 2 – 18 March 1995 (16d 15h 8m) – Carried the ASTRO-2 Observatory
STS-80, 19 November – 7 December 1996 (17d 15h 53m) – Carried and retrieved the ORFEUS-SPAS II experiment pallet
STS-96, 27 May – 6 June 1999 (9d 19h 13m) – Delivered Russian STRELA cargo crane and a US manipulator to the not-yet-operational ISS
Total flight time 63d 1h 24m
Retired September 2001

 

Married to astronaut Peter Wisoff

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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May 8th

 

Charles Camarda (1952) USA

Selected 1996 (NASA Group 16)

STS-114, 26 July - 9 August 2005 (13d 21h 32m) - Delivered equipment and supplies to the ISS. First Shuttle flight following the hiatus after the Columbia accident

Retired June 2006

 

 

 

Clemens Lothaller (1963) Austria

Selected 1989

Backup for Soyuz TM-13 but not selected

Retired October 1991

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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May 9th

 

Vance Brand (1931) USA

Selected 1966 (NASA Group 5)

Apollo ASTP, 15 - 24 July 1975 (9d 1h 28m) - Docked with Soyuz 19

STS-5, 11 - 16 November 1982 (5d 2h 14m) - First "operational" Shuttle mission; deployed two communications satellites

STS-41B, 3 - 11 February 1984 (7d 23h 15m) - Deployed two comsats but both failed to reach operational orbit. First test of the Manned Maneuvering Unit

STS-35, 2 - 10 December 1990 (8d 23h 5m) - Carried the ASTRO-1 astrophysics lab

Total flight time 31d 2h 2m

Retired April 1992

 

On STS-35 Brand became the oldest man in space to date - 59y 207d at launch

 

 

 

Oleg Atkov (1949) USSR

Selected 1983

Soyuz T-10/Salyut 7 Expedition 3, 8 February - 2 October 1984 (236d 22h 49m) - Landed aboard Soyuz T-11. 

Retired October 1984

 

Expedition 3 was the longest flight to date: Atkov is a physician who monitored the health of the crew

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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May 10th

 

Boris Polyakhov (1938) USSR

Selected 1964

Trained for Voskhod 1 but not selected

Retired July 1964; no flights

 

 

 

Ellen Ochoa (1958) USA

Selected 1990 (NASA Group 13)

STS-56, 8 - 17 April 1993 (9d 6h 8m) - Carried ATLAS-2 solar observatory package

STS-66, 3 - 14 November 1994 (10d 22h 34m) - Carried ATLAS-3 solar observatory

STS-96, 27 May - 6 June 1999 (9d 19h 13m) - Delivered supplies and equipment including two manipulator arms to the ISS

STS-110, 8 - 19 April 2002 (10d 19h 42m) - Delivered the S-0 truss segment to the ISS (central component of the station's main 'backbone')

Total flight time 40d 19h 42m

Retired January 2003

 

 

 

Michael McKay (1963) Canada

Selected 1992

Retired for medical reasons March 1995; no flights

 

 

 

Lisa Marie Nowak (1963) USA

Selected 1996 (NASA Group 16)

STS-121, 4 - 17 July 2006 (12d 18h 36m)

Dismissed from NASA in March 2007 following her arrest and conviction of assault and attempted abduction of Colleen Shipman, an Air Force engineer whom she saw as her rival in a love triangle with fellow astronaut Bill Oefelein. She was sentenced to two days in jail (time-served) and a year of probation. Despite lurid newspaper stories she did not wear an astronaut's Fecal Containment Garment (i.e. a nappy) to avoid having to stop during her drive from Houston to Orlando to confront Shipman. She was also later discharged from the US Navy.

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

 

 

(Apologies for the late posting - I couldn't get my desktop to appear after a Windows upgrade; I finally got it running but had to go out.)

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May 11th

 

Luca Urbani (1957) Italy

Selected 1995

Backup for STS-78 Life & Microgravity Sciences mission

Retired July 1996; no flights

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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May 12th

 

Dumitru Dediu (1942) Romania

Selected 1978

Backup for Soyuz 40

Retired May 1981; no flights

Died July 2013

 

 

 

Gregory H. Johnson (1962) USA - Born Ruislip but became US citizen

Selected 1998 (NASA Group 17)

STS-123, 11 – 27 March 2008 (15d 18h 11m) – Delivered Japanese Kibo Module to the ISS; partial crew exchange (Reisman up; Eyharts down)

STS-134, 16 May - 1 June 2011 (15d 17h 38m) - Delivered the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer and other equipment to the ISS; final flight of Endeavour 

Total flight time 31d 11h 49m

Retired August 2013

 

Not to be confused with Gregory C. Johnson who is also an astronaut

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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May 13th

 

Donald Sorlie (1923) USA

Selected 1962 as Military Astronaut

Date of retiral not known; no flights

Died 9 August 2016

 

 


Vladimir Dzhanibekov (1942) USSR

Selected 1970

Soyuz 27/Salyut 6 Taxi Flight 1, 10 - 16 January 1978 (5d 22h 58m) - landed aboard Soyuz 26

Soyuz 39/ Salyut 6 Visiting Flight 6, 22 - 30 March 1981 (7d 20h 42m)

Soyuz T-6/ Salyut 7 Visiting Flight 1, 24 June - 2 July 1982 (7d 21h 50m)

Soyuz T-12/Salyut 7 Visiting Flight 2, 17 - 29 July 1984 (11d 19h 14m)

Soyuz T-13/Salyut 7 Expedition 4, 6 June - 26 September 1985 (112d 3h 12m)

Total flight time 145d 15h 56m

Retired June 1986

 

 

 

Ronald Grabe (1945) USA

Selected 1980 (NASA Group 9)

STS-51J, 3 - 7 October 1985 (4d 1h 44m) - Classified DoD mission; deployed two military comsats

STS-30, 4 - 8 May 1989 (4d 0h 56m) - Deployed the Magellan Venus radar mapper probe

STS-42, 22 - 30 January 1992 (8d 1h 14m) - Carried the International Microgravity Laboratory (IML-1)

STS-57, 21 June - 1 July 1993 (9d 23h 44m) - Deployed and retrieved the EURECA free-flying experiment pallet

Total flight time 26d 3h 38m

Retired April 1994

 

 


Aleksander Kaleri (1956) USSR

Selected 1984

Soyuz TM-14/Mir Expedition 11, 17 March - 10 August 1992 (145d 14h 10m)

Soyuz TM-24/Mir Expedition 22, 17 August 1996 - 2 March 1997 (196d 17h 26m)

Soyuz TM-30/Mir Expedition 28, 4 April - 16 June 2000 (72d 19h 41m)

Soyuz TMA-3/ISS Expedition 8, 18 October 2003 - 30 April 2004 (194d 18h 33m)

Soyuz TMA-1M/ISS Expeditions 25/26, 7 October 2010 - 16 March 2011 (159d 8h 43m)

Total flight time to date 769d 6h 33m

Still on active status

 

 


Claudie Haigneré (1957) France

Selected 1985

Soyuz TM-24/Mir Visiting Flight 11, 17 August - 2 September 1996 (15d 18h 23m) - Landed aboard Soyuz TM-23 with Expedition 21 crew

Soyuz TM-33/ISS Taxi Flight 2, 21 - 31 October 2001 (9d 19h 59m) - Landed aboard Soyuz TM-32

Total flight time 25d 14h 22m

Retired June 2002

 

Married to astronaut Jean-Pierre Haigneré - wedding took place after her first mission which she flew under her maiden name of André-Deshays

 

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

 

 

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May 14th

 

Mars Fatkhullin (1939) USSR

Selected 1967

Retired May 1970; no flights

Died of a stroke 16 April 2003

 

 


Donald McMonagle (1952) USA

Selected 1987 (NASA Group 12)

STS-39, 28 April - 6 May 1991 (8d 7h 22m) - First unclassified DoD mission; deployed and retrieved a satellite which observed the Orbiter's engine firings from afar

STS-54, 13 - 19 January 1993 (5d 23h 38m) - Deployed the TDRS-6 communications satellite

STS-66, 3 - 14 November 1994 (10d 22h 34m) - Carried the ATLAS-3 Spacelab

Total flight time 25d 5h 34m

Retired July 1997

 

 


William Gregory (1957) USA

Selected 1990 (NASA Group 13)

STS-67, 2 - 18 March 1995 (16d 15h 8m) - Carried ASTRO-2 observatory with Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope

Retired July 1999

 

 


James Kelly (1964) USA

Selected 1996 (NASA Group 16)

STS-102, 8 - 21 March 2001 (12d 19h 49m) - Delivered and retrieved Leonardo Module to the ISS; also crew exchange (Expedition 2 up; Expedition 1 down)

STS-114, 26 July - 9 August 2005 (13d 21h 32m) - Delivered equipment and supplies to the ISS. First Shuttle flight following the hiatus after the Columbia accident 

Total flight time 26d 17h 21m

Retired December 2010

 

 


Nikos Halik (1971) Australia

Selected 2007

Trained as Spaceflight Participant (fare-paying passenger) for Soyuz TMA-13 but not flown (Richard Garriott was prime crew)

Retired October 2008

 

 


Jessica Watkins (1988) USA

Selected 2017 (NASA Group 22)

On active status; no flights yet

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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May 15th

 

Anthony England (1942) USA

Selected 1967 (NASA Group 6)

STS-51F, 29 July - 6 August 1985 (7d 22h 45m) - Carried Spacelab 2. One engine failed during ascent; the only Abort to Orbit in the Shuttle programme.

Retired August 1988

 

 

 

Frank Culbertson (1949) USA

Selected 1984 (NASA Group 10)

STS-38, 16 - 20 November 1990 (4d 21h 54m) - Classified DoD mission; deployed one reconnaissance satellite and possibly a second

STS-51, 12 - 22 September 1993 (9d 20h 11m) - Deployed Advanced Communications Technology Satellite; also deployed and retrieved ORFEUS-SPAS pallet

STS-105/ISS Expedition 3, 10 August - 17 December 2001 (128d 20h 45m) - Landed aboard STS-108

Total flight time 143d 14h 50m

Retired August 2002

 

 

 

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May 16th

 

Forrest Petersen (1922) USA

Selected 1958 for the X-15 programme

Made five flights; none above 100km

Retired January 1962

Died of cancer 8 December 1990

 

 


Brewster Shaw (1945) USA

Selected 1978 (NASA Group 😎

STS-9, 28 November - 8 December 1983 (10d 7h 47m) - Spacelab 1

STS-61B, 27 November - 3 December 1985 (6d 21h 4m) - Deployed two comsats; also practised assembling structures in space using aluminium struts and joints

STS-28, 8 - 13 August 1989 (5d 1h 0m) - Classified DoD mission; deployed two reconnaissance satellites

Total flight time 22d 5h 51m

Retired October 1989

 

 


Dafydd Williams (1954) Canada

Selected 1992 (Canada Group 2)

STS-90. 17 April - 3 May 1998 (15d 21h 50m) - Carried Neurolab to study the human nervous system

STS-118, 8 - 21 August 2007 (12d 17h 55m) - Delivered S5 truss segment and other equipment to the ISS 

Total flight time 28d 15h 45m

Retired March 2008

 

 

 

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May 17th

 

Louis Butterworth (1948) USA

Selected 1984

Engineer with Hughes Aerospace; backup for STS-51L (the Challenger accident)

Retired 1986; no flights

 

 

 

Joseph Acaba (1967) USA

Selected 2004 (NASA Group 19)

STS-119, 15 - 28 March 2009 (12d 19h 29m) - Delivered S6 Truss and the fourth set of solar arrays to the ISS; also partial crew exchange (Wakata up; Magnus down)

Soyuz TMA-04M/ISS Expeditions 31/32, 15 May - 17 September 2012 (124d 23h 51m)

Soyuz MS-06/ISS Expeditions 53/54, 12 September 2017 - 28 February 2018 (168d 5h 14m)

Total flight time to date 306d 0h 34m

Still on active status

 

 

 

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May 18th

 

Don Lind (1930) USA

Selected 1966 (NASA Group 5)

STS-51B, 29 April - 6 May 1985 (7d 0h 8m) - Carried Spacelab 3

Retired April 1986

 

 

 

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May 19th

 

James Abrahamson (1933) USA

Selected 1967 (MOL Group 3)

Trained to fly aboard the USAF Manned Orbiting Laboratory but programme cancelled

Retired 1969; no flights

 

 


Dick Scobee (1939) USA

Selected 1978 (NASA Group 8 )

STS-41C, 6 - 13 April 1984 (6d 23h 40m) - Deployed Long Duration Exposure Facility and repaired and redeployed Solar Max satellite

Killed in Challenger accident, 28 January 1986 (not classed as a space flight as vehicle did not exceed 100km altitude)

 

 

 

Jean-Pierre Haigneré (1948) France

Selected 1985

Soyuz TM-17/Mir Visiting Flight 9, 1 - 22 July 1993 (20d 16h 8m) - Landed with Mir Expedition 13 crew aboard Soyuz TM-16

Soyuz TM-29/Mir Expedition 27, 20 February - 28 August 1999 (188d 20h 16m)

Total flight time 209d 12h 24m

Retired May 2003

 

Married to cosmonaut Claudie Haigneré

 

 


Pierre Thuot (1955) USA

Selected 1985 (NASA Group 11)

STS-36, 28 February - 4 March 1990 (4d 10h 18m) - Classified DoD mission; deployed a military communications satellite

STS-49, 8 - 16 May 1992 (8d 21h 17m) - Repaired and redeployed Intelsat-VI F-3 which was stuck in low orbit. First flight of Endeavour

STS-62, 4 - 18 March 1994 (13d 23h 16m) - Carried US Microgravity Payload 2 experiments package

Total flight time 27d 6h 51m

Retired 1995

 

 


Scott Tingle (1965) USA

Selected 2009 (NASA Group 20)

Soyuz MS-07/ISS Expeditions 54/55, launched 17 December 2017; currently on-orbit (Flight time to date ~153 days)

Scheduled to return to Earth 3 June

 

 

 

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May 20th

 

David Walker (1944) USA

Selected 1978 (NASA Group 8 )

STS-51A, 8 - 16 November 1984 (7d 23h 44m) - Deployed two comsats; retrieved two more which were stranded in low orbit and returned them to Earth for repair

STS-30, 4 - 8 May 1989 (4d 0h 56m) - Deployed the Magellan Venus Radar Mapper probe

STS-53, 2 - 9 December 1992 (7d 7h 19m) - Classified DoD mission; deployed a military comsat

STS-69, 7 - 18 September 1995 (10d 20h 28m) - Deployed and retrieved the Wake Shield Facility and SPARTAN 201 pallet (on its third flight)

Total flight time 30d 4h 27m

Retired April 1996

Died of cancer 23 April 2001

 

 


Nikolai Fefelov (1945) USSR

Selected 1970

Retired April 1995; no flights

 

 


Tom Akers (1951) USA

Selected 1987 (NASA Group 12)

STS-41, 6 - 10 October 1990 (4d 0h 10m) - Deployed the Ulysses Solar Polar probe to study the poles of the Sun (used Jupiter fly-by to take it out of the ecliptic plane)

STS-49, 8 - 16 May 1992 (8d 21h 17m) - Repaired and redeployed Intelsat-VI F-3 which was stuck in low orbit. First flight of Endeavour 

STS-61, 2 - 13 December 1993 (10d 19h 58m) - First Hubble servicing mission: replaced solar arrays and corrected manufacturing problem with primary mirror

STS-79, 16 - 26 September 1996 (10d 3h 18m) - Fourth Shuttle-Mir Mission; crew exchange (Blaha up; Lucid down)

Total flight time 33d 22h 43m

Retired August 1997

 

 


Paul Richards (1964) USA

Selected 1996 (NASA Group 16)

STS-102, 8 - 21 March 2001 (12d 19h 49m) - Delivered equipment and supplies to the ISS; also crew exchange (Expedition 2 up; Expedition 1 down)

Retired February 2002

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

 

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May 21st

 

Anatoli Levchenko (1941) USSR

Selected 1977

Soyuz TM-4/Mir Visiting Flight 3, 21 - 29 December 1987 (7d 21h 58m) - Landed aboard Soyuz TM-3 with Expedition 2 crew

Was in training to fly the Soviet Space Shuttle but died of a brain tumour 6 August 1988

 

 


Robert Springer (1942) USA

Selected 1980 (NASA Group 9)

STS-29. 13 - 18 March 1989 (4d 23h 38m) - Deployed TDRS-D satellite

STS-38, 15 - 20 November 1990 (4d 21h 54m) - Classified DoD mission; deployed military reconnaissance satellite Magnum-3

Total flight time 9d 21h 32m

Retired December 1990

 

 


Ernst Messerschmid (1945) West Germany

Selected 1982

STS-61A, 30 October - 6 November 1985 (7d 0h 44m) - Carried the German-financed Spacelab D-1

Retired November 1985

 

 


Ivan Bella (1964) Slovakia

Selected 1998

Soyuz TM-29/Mir Visiting Flight 15, 20 - 28 February 1999 (7d 21h 56m) - landed aboard Soyuz TM-28

Retired February 1999

 

 


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May 22nd

 

Galina Amelkina (1954) USSR

Selected 1980

Retired 1983 for medical reasons; no flights

Died of cancer 20 February 2014

 

 

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