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GordonD

Astronaut Birthdays for February

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February 1st - 15th Anniversary of the Columbia Accident

 

Vladimir Aksyonov (1935) USSR

Selected 1973

Soyuz 22, 15 - 23 September 1976 (7d 21h 52m) - Solo mission not intended to fly to Salyut. Used the backup ASTP spacecraft with a multispectral camera replacing the docking mechanism

Soyuz T-2, 5 - 9 June 1980 (3d 22h 19m) - First manned flight of the third generation Soyuz. Docked with Salyut 6

Total flight time 11d 20h 11m

Retired 1988

 

Franco Rossitto (1940) Italy

Selected 1984

Reached shortlist of 12 for Spacelab 1 but not selected

Retired 1986; no flights

Died 6 May 2015

 

Daniel Tani (1961) USA

Selected 1996 (NASA Group 16)

STS-108, 5 - 17 December 2001 (11d 19h 35m) - ISS crew rotation of Expeditions 3 and 4

STS-120/ISS Expedition 16 (119d 22h 29m) - landed aboard STS-122

Total flight time 131d 18h 4m

Retired 2012

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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February 2nd

 

Christina Koch (1979) USA

Selected 2013 (NASA Group 21)

On active status; no flights yet

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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February 3rd

 

Vladimir Fartushny (1938) USSR

Selected 1968

Was named for Soyuz 6 but replaced after a car accident

Retired 1971; no flights

 

 

Vladimir Preobrazhensky (1939) USSR

Selected 1965

Second Backup on Soyuz 24

Retired 1980; no flights

Died 25 October 1993

 

 

Joe Edwards (1958) USA

Selected 1994 (NASA Group 15)

STS-89, 23 - 31 January 1998 (8d 19h 47m) - Eighth Mir docking; crew exchange Thomas (up) for Wolf (down)

Retired 2000

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

 

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February 4th

 

No astronaut birthdays today.

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February 5th

 

Mary Cleave (1947) USA

Selected 1980 (NASA Group 9)

STS-61B, 27 November - 3 December 1985 (6d 21h 4m) - deployed three communication satellites, also practised assembly of structures in orbit

STS-30, 4 - 8 May 1989 (4d 0h 56m) - deployed the Magellan Venus Radar Mapper which studied the planet for one Venus day (243 Earth days) starting August 1990

Total flight time 10d 22h 0m

Retired May 1991

 

 

Andrew Morgan (1976) USA

Selected 2013 (NASA Group 21)

On active status; no flights yet

 

 

Jonathan Kim (1984) USA

Selected 2017 (NASA Group 22)

On active status; no flights yet

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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Blimey, for a second there I thought you had listed Jonathan King as an astronaut.  Maybe he was serious when he sang "Everyone's Gone to the Moon".

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February 6th

 

Maidarzhavyn Ganzorig (1949) Mongolia

Selected 1978

Backup for Soyuz 39 in 1981

Retired 1981; no flights

 

 

Yuri Onufrienko (1961) USSR

Selected 1989

Soyuz TM-23/Mir Expedition 21, 21 February - 2 September 1996 (139d 19h 7m)

STS-108/ISS Expedition 4, 5 December 2001 - 19 June 2002 (195d 19h 38m) - landed aboard STS-111

Total flight time 389d 14h 45m

Retired 2004

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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February 7th

 

Konstantin Feoktistov (1926) USSR

Selected 1964

Voskhod 1, 12 - 13 October 1964 (1d 0h 17m) - First multi-manned flight

Retired 1987

Died 21 November 2009

 

 

Al Worden (1932) USA

Selected 1966 (NASA Group 5)

Apollo 15, 26 July - 7 August 1971 (12d 7h 12m) - CMP so didn't land on the Moon

Retired 1975

 

 

Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper (1963) USA

Selected 1996 (NASA Group 16)

STS-115, 9 - 21 September 2006 (11d 19h 26m) - delivered truss segment and solar arrays to the ISS

STS-126, 15 - 30 November 2008 (15d 20h 29m) - ISS crew exchange (Magnus up, Chamitoff down)

Total flight time 27d 15h 35m

Retired 2009

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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February 8th

 

José Armando López-Falcón (1950) Cuba

Selected 1978

Backup for Soyuz 38

Retired 1980; no flights

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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February 9th

 

Bill Williams (1942) USA

Selected 1983

Selected as Payload Specialist on STS-61D but resigned to spend more time with his family

Retired 1985; no flights

 

Ulrich Walter (1954) (Germany)

Selected 1987

STS-55, 26 April - 6 May 1993 (9d 23h 40m) - Spacelab D-2, the second German Spacelab

Retired 1993

 

Peggy Whitson (1960) USA

Selected 1996 (NASA Group 16)

STS-111/ISS Expedition 5, 5 June - 7 December 2002 (184d 22h 14m)

Soyuz TMA-11/ISS Expedition 16, 10 October 2007 - 19 April 2008 (191d 19h 7m)

Soyuz MS-03/ISS Expeditions 50/51/52, 17 November 2016 - 3 September 2017 (289d 5h 1m) - landed aboard Soyuz MS-04

Total flight time to date 665d 22h 22m

Still on active flight status

 

Holds the following records:

US cumulative flight duration

Female cumulative flight duration

Female single flight duration

Female cumulative EVA duration

First female Commander of the ISS (on Expedition 16)

Also Commander on Expedition 51

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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February 10th

 

Garrett Reisman (1968) USA

Selected 1998 (NASA Group 17)

STS-123/ISS Expeditions 16/17, 11 March - 14 June 2008 (95d 8h 47m) - landed aboard STS-124

STS-132, 14 - 26 May 2010 (11d 18h 28m) - delivered the Russian Mini-Research Module to the ISS

Total flight time 107d 3h 15m

Retired 2011

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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February 11th

 

Stephen Thorne (1953) USA

Selected June 1985 (NASA Group 11)

Killed in crash of Pitts 2A stunt plane, 24 May 1986

 

 

Richard Mastracchio (1960) USA

Selected 1996 (NASA Group 16)

STS-106, 8 - 20 September 2000 (11d 19h 10m) - delivered supplies (and a toilet!) to the ISS in preparation for the arrival first occupants

STS-118, 8 - 21 August 2007 (12d 17h 55m) - delivered S5 truss segment and other components to the ISS

STS-131, 5 - 20 April 2010 (15d 2h 47m) - ISS supply mission; also carried (and returned) the Leonardo Multi-Purpose Logistics Module

Soyuz TMA-11M/ISS Expeditions 38/39, 7 November 2013 - 14 May 2014 (187d 21h 44m)

Total flight time 227d 13h 36m

Retired July 2015

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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February 12th

 

Ivan Anikeyev (1933) USSR

Selected 1960

Dismissed April 1963 for disciplinary reasons after he and two other cosmonauts were arrested for being drunk and disorderly at a railway station. (See also Valentin Filatyev under January 21st)

Died 20 August 1992

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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February 13th

 

Sigmund Jähn (1937) East Germany

Selected 1976

Soyuz 31/Salyut 6 Taxi Flight, 26 August - 3 September 1978 (7d 20h 49m) - landed aboard Soyuz 29

Retired 1978

 

 

Valeri Rozhdestvensky (1939) USSR

Selected 1965

Soyuz 23, 14 - 16 October 1976 (2d 0h 6m) - planned docking with Salyut 5 abandoned when rendezvous failed

Retired 1986

Died 31 August 2011

 

After the docking was abandoned the crew were forced to return to Earth as this version of the Soyuz had no solar panels and power was low. The capsule landed in a frozen lake, in a snowstorm, at night, and sank. The cosmonauts had turned off everything to conserve power and were unable to contact the recovery team. The capsule was too heavy for the helicopter to lift so was dragged to shore, an operation which took nine hours - all the time the recovery team assumed the cosmonauts were dead and had summoned a special team to remove the bodies

 

 

Donald Williams (1942) USA

Selected 1978 (NASA Group 8)

STS-51D, 12 - 19 April 1985 (6d 23h 55m) - deployed ANIK-C1 and SYNCOM IV-3 satellites though SYNCOM's sequencer failed and satellite did not reach planned orbit

STS-34, 18 - 23 October 1989 (4d 23h 39m) - deployed the Galileo Venus Radar Mapper

Total flight time 11d 23h 34m

Died 23 February 2016

 

 

Stephen Bowen (1964) USA

Selected 2000 (NASA Group 18)

STS-126, 15 - 30 November 2008 (15d 20h 29m) - ISS crew exchange (Magnus up, Chamitoff down)

STS-132, 14 - 26 May 2010 (11d 18h 28m) - delivered the Russian Mini-Research Module to the ISS

STS-133, 24 February - 9 March 2011 (12d 19h 4m) - delivered the Leonardo Multi-Purpose Logistics Module to the ISS; final flight of Discovery

Total flight time to date 40d 10h 1m

Still on active flight status

 

Bowen was not on the original crew manifest for STS-133 but Tim Kopra was injured in a bicycle accident six weeks before launch so was replaced by Bowen, enabling him to fly consecutive Shuttle missions

 

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

 

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February 14th

 

Pham Tuân (1947) Vietnam

Selected 1979 (Interkosmos Group 3)

Soyuz 37, 23 - 31 July 1980 (7d 20h 42m) - Salyut 6 Taxi Flight (landed aboard Soyuz 36)

Retired 1980

 

 

William Thompson (1956) USA

Selected 1982 (USAF Manned Spaceflight Engineer Group 2)

Might have flown on the Shuttle but resigned 1987

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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February 15th

 

Tommie Benefield (1929) USA

Selected 1963 as a military astronaut

Date of retiral not known

Killed in crash of B-1 bomber prototype at Edwards AFB, 29 August 1984

 

 

Roger Chaffee (1935) USA

Selected 1963 (NASA Group 3)

Was in training for Apollo 1; killed in pad fire 27 January 1967

 

 

Aleksander Serebrov (1944) USSR

Selected 1978

Soyuz T-7, 19 - 27 August 1982 (7d 21h 52m) - Salyut 7 Taxi Flight (landed aboard Soyuz T-5); also carried first female into orbit for 20 years

Soyuz T-8, 20 - 22 April 1983 (2d 0h 17m) - docking with Salyut 7 failed when radar antenna boom did not deploy (was torn off when payload shroud jettisoned)

Soyuz TM-8/Mir Expedition 5, 5 September 1989 - 19 February 1990 (166d 6h 58m)

Soyuz TM-17/Mir Expedition 14, 1 July 1993 - 14 January 1994 (196d 17h 45m)

Total flight time 372d 22h 52m

Retired 1995

Died 12 November 2013

 

 

Nikolai Grekov (1950) USSR

Selected 1978

Removed from flight status 1986 for medical reasons; no flights

 

 

Lee Melvin (1964) USA

Selected 1998 (NASA Group 17)

STS-122, 7 - 20 February 2008 (12d 18h 21m) - delivered ESA Columbus science lab to ISS, and crew exchange (Eyharts up, Tani down)

STS-129, 16 - 27 November 2009 (10d 19h 16m) - ISS supply flight, also brought down Stott, last ISS resident to return on the Shuttle

Total flight time 23d 13h 27m

Retired October 2010

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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February 16th

 

Valentin Bondarenko (1937) USSR

Selected 1960

Died 23 March 1961

 

Bondarenko was taking part in a 15-day low-pressure test in a sealed chamber with over 50% oxygen content. On Day Ten he removed some medical sensors from his body and cleaned up the sticky residue with alcohol-soaked cotton wool. However when he threw away the cotton ball it landed on an electrical hotplate and caught fire. Bondarenko tried to beat out the flames but his clothing also caught fire and due to the pressure differential the rescue team could not get to him for thirty minutes, by which time he had suffered third-degree burns over most of his body. He died of shock some sixteen hours later. He was posthumously awarded the Order of the Red Star and a crater on the lunar Farside is named for him.

 

Details of the accident were hushed up and did not reach the West until 1980. It has been suggested that had NASA been aware of this, they may have changed their own training approach and the Apollo 1 fire might have been avoided.

 

 

 

Michael Mantz (1953) USA

Selected 1982 (USAF Manned Spaceflight Engineer Group 2)

Retired 1987; no flights

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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February 17th

 

No astronaut birthdays today

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February 18th

 

Theodore Freeman (1930) USA

Selected 1963 (NASA Group 3)

Would probably have flown in Gemini but killed 31st October 1964 when his T-38 crashed following a birdstrike near Ellington AFB, Texas

 

First US astronaut to die. His wife learned of his death when a reporter came to her house to interview her, leading NASA to revise its procedures in such cases.

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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February 19th

 

Joe Kerwin (1932) USA

Selected 1965 (NASA Group 4)

Skylab 2 (first manned expedition), 25 May - 22 June 1973 (28d 0h 50m)

Retired 1987

 

 

Kenneth Nordsieck (1946) USA

Selected 1984; trained for ASTRO-1 mission but not selected 

Retired 1990

 

 

Byron Lichtenberg (1948) USA

Selected 1978

STS-9, 28 November - 8 December 1983 (10d 7h 47m) - Spacelab 1

STS-45, 24 March - 2 April 1992 (8d 22h 9m) - ATLAS 1 (Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications & Science)

Retired 1992

 

 

Rodolfo Neri (1952) Mexico

Selected 1985

STS-61B, 27 November - 3 December 1985 (6d 21h 4m) - Deployed three Comsats plus evaluation of assembling structures in space

Retired 1985

 

 

G. David Low (1956) USA

Selected 1984 (NASA Group 10)

STS-32, 9 - 20 January 1990 (10d 21h 0m) - LDEF retrieval mission

STS-43, 2 - 11 August 1991 (8d 21h 21m) - Deployed TDRS-5 (Tracking and Data Relay Satellite) providing continuous communications with spacecraft in flight

STS-57, 21 June - 1 July 1993 (9d 23h 44m) - First flight of the privately-developed SPACEHAB module

Total flight time 29d 18h 5m

Retired 1996

Died 15 March 2008

 

The first Cygnus cargo craft, used to resupply the ISS, was named in his honour

 

 

Sergei Prokopyev (1975) Russia

Selected 2010

Still on active status; no flights yet but was backup on Soyuz TMA-18M and MS-07

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

 

 

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February 20th

 

Joe Walker (1921) USA

Selected 1960 (X-15 group)

Made 24 X-15 flights including the only two to exceed an altitude of 100km (thereby qualifying as sub-orbital spaceflights under FAA rules)

Flight #90, 19 July 1963 (11m)

Flight #91, 22 August 1963 (11m) - First man to go into space twice

Total flight time 22m

Killed 8 June 1966 when his F-104 collided with the XB-70 Valkyrie

 

 

Aleksandr Aleksandrov (1943) USSR

Selected 1978

Soyuz T-9/Salyut 7 Expedition 2, 27 June - 23 November 1983 (149d 10h 46m)

Soyuz TM-3/Mir Expedition 2, 22 July - 30 December 1987 (160d 7h 16m)

Total flight time 309d 18h 2m

Retired October 1993

 

 

Vasili Tsibilyev (1954) USSR (Ukraine)

Selected 1987

Soyuz TM-17/Mir Expedition 14, 1 July 1993 - 14 January 1994 (196d 17h 45m)

Soyuz TM-25/Mir Expedition 23, 10 February - 14 August 1997 (184d 22h 7m)

Total flight time 381d 15h 52m

Retired June 1998

 

 

Michal Fulier (1955) Slovakia

Selected 1998

Backup for Soyuz TM-29

Retired 1999; no flights

 

 

Anton Shkaplerov (1972) Russia

Selected 2003

Soyuz TMA-22/ISS Expeditions 29/30, 14 November 2011 - 27 April 2012 (165d 7h 31m)

Soyuz TMA-15M/ISS Expeditions 42/43, 23 November 2014 - 11 June 2015 (199d 16h 42m)

Soyuz MS-07/ISS Expedition 54, launched 17 December 2017; currently on-orbit (~ 65d to date)

Total flight time to date ~ 430d

Currently scheduled to return to Earth in June

 

 

Maksim Ponomaryov (1980) Russia

Selected 2006

Retired September 2012; no flights

 

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

 

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February 21st

 

Vladimir Mosolov (1944) USSR

Selected 1979; trained for Buran missions

Retired 1987; no flights

 

 

 

Mark Kelly (1964) USA

Selected 1996 (NASA Group 16)

STS-108, 5 - 17 December 2001 (11d 19h 35m) - ISS Crew rotation (Expeditions 3 & 4)

STS-121, 4 - 17 July 2006 (12d 18h 36m) - Astrolab, also delivered Reiter to the ISS

STS-124, 31 May - 14 June 2008 (13d 18h 13m) - Delivered Japanese Kibo module to ISS; also ISS crew exchange (Chamitoff up, Reisman down)

STS-134, 16 May - 1 June 2011 (15d 17h 38m) - Delivered Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer to the ISS (final flight of Endeavour)

Total flight time 54d 2h 2m

Retired 1 October 2011

 

Kelly is married to the former US Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords, who was shot in the head on 8 January 2011; during her recuperation his place on the STS-134 mission was in doubt but ultimately she recovered sufficiently for him to fly

 

 

 

Scott Kelly (1964) USA

Selected 1996 (NASA Group 16)

STS-103, 20 - 28 December 1999 (7d 23h 10m) - Hubble Space Telescope servicing mission

STS-118, 8 - 21 August 2007 (12d 17h 55m) - Delivered S5 truss segment to the ISS

Soyuz TMA-10M/ISS Expeditions 25/26, 7 October 2010 - 16 March 2011 (159d 8h 43m)

Soyuz TMA-16M/ISS Expeditions 43/44/45/46, 27 March 2015 - 2 March 2016 (340d 8h 42m) - landed aboard Soyuz TMA-18M

Total flight time 520d 10h 30m

Retired April 2016

 

Holds the US single-flight duration record

 

Mark and Scott Kelly are identical twins

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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February 22nd

 

James Bagian (1952) USA

Selected 1980 (NASA Group 9)

STS-29, 13 - 18 March 1989 (4d 23h 39m) - Deployed the TDRS-4 communications satellite

STS-40, 4 - 14 June 1991 (9d 2h 14m) - Spacelab Life Sciences 1

Total flight time 14d 1h 53m

Retired 1995

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

 

 

(Thanks for yesterday's 'like' - I wasn't sure if people were still reading!)

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February 23rd

 

Vasily Lazarev (1928) USSR

Selected 1964

Soyuz 12, 27 - 29 September 1973 (1d 23h 15m) - Test flight of modified version of the Soyuz craft following the Soyuz 11 accident

Soyuz 18-1, 5 April 1975 (21m) - In-flight abort after second stage failed to separate; crew subjected to deceleration forces up to 21G; capsule landed on a steep slope and began rolling towards a 500ft sheer drop before the parachutes became entangled in vegetation. The cosmonauts had to wait until the following day to be airlifted out. Lazarev's injuries took him off flight status but he remained on the cosmonaut team until retiring in 1985

Died of alcohol poisoning 31 December 1990

 

 

Marc Garneau (1949) Canada

Selected 1983 (Canadian Group 1)

STS-41G, 5 - 13 October 1984 (8d 5h 23m) - Deployed Earth Radiation Budget Satellite

STS-77, 19 - 29 May 1996 (10d 0h 39m) Carried the privately-developed SPACEHAB module, also SPARTAN 207 experiment pallet and tested an inflatable antenna

STS-97, 1 - 11 December 2000 (10d 19h 57m) - Delivered the first set of solar arrays to the ISS

Total flight time 29d 1h 59m

Retired January 2001

 

 

Jerry Rij (1950) USA

Selected 1979 (USAF Manned Spaceflight Engineer Group 1)

Retired 1985; no flights

 

 

Sergei Moshchenko (1954) Russia

Selected 1996

Retired 2009; no flights

 

 

Clayton Anderson (1959) USA

Selected 1998 (NASA Group 17)

STS-117/ISS Expeditions 15/16, 8 June - 7 November 2007 (151d 18h 23m) - landed aboard STS-120

STS-131, 5 - 20 April 2010, (15d 2h 47m) - Delivered Multi-Purpose Logistics Module 'Leonardo' to the ISS

Total flight time 166d 21h 10m

Retired 2011

 

 

Information from Spacefacts website

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